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Ini Dia 10 Keterampilan Komunikasi dan Bahasa ala Ivan Lanin

Gambar
  Memiliki anak lelaki yang duduk di bangku sekolah Kelas I SMU, membuat Pendiri Narabahasa Ivan Lanin perlu merumuskan 10 keterampilan komunikasi dan bahasa untuk generasi muda.  Generasi Z dan Y harus dapat menguasai serangkaian skill ini jika ingin berhasil mengakses sumber-sumber ilmu pengetahuan. Apa sajakah kesepuluh tips tersebut?

Contoh Kalimat Bentuk Future Tense (Bagian Kedua)

 

Practical English Grammar  AJ Thompson & AV Martinet


Berikut kami rangkum contoh kalimat bentuk Future Tense. Sebagian bahan kami sarikan dari buku Practical English Grammar (AJ Thompson & AV Martinet). Semoga dapat menambah kosa kata dalam  memahami pelajaran bahasa Inggris.  



FUTURE TENSE

 

  1. Bentuk be going to
  • Pilihan selain menggunakan  present continous

I am meeting Temon at the station at six = already made arrangement with Temon

I am going to  meet Temon at the station at six = Temon may get a suprise!

  • Dengan klausa waktu memberi tekanan pada niatan

He is going to be a pianist when he grows up

What are you going to do when you get your degree?

Klausa waktu juga digunakan dalam kalimat dengan shall/ will

  • Digunakan tanpa keterangan waktu

I am going to play you some of my own songs

He is going to lend me his playstation

Biasanya berarti dalam waktu dekat ini

  • Kadang digunakan dengan verb yang tidak biasa dipakai di contonuous tense

I am going to think about it           i’m sure I’m going to like it

 

  1. be going to selalu menunjukkan aktivitas yang disengaja atau niatan/ rencana

Bila will + infinitive biasanya hanya menunjukkan niatan dan tidak selalu direncanakan,

Sedang be going to menunjukkan kelanjutan setelah keputusan pertama: I have bought tea and milk and I’m going to make macha latte

Jika niatan spontan, tidak disengaja, gunakan will: A: There is somebody at the hall door. B: Ill go and open it.

Jika belum jelas sudah direncanakan atau belum, gunakan be going to  atau will:  

I  will/ am going to climb  that mountain one day

I won’t/ I’am nt going to tell you my age

Namun will adalah kata terkuat untuk menunjukkan niatan: I will help you (I definitely intend to help you) 

  1. won’t  (will not) digunakan untuk kalimat negatif

she isn’t going to resign atau she wont resign

won’t di sini artinya refuse (menolak) = she refuses to resign

She isn’t going to resign, biasanya berarti: She doesn’t intend to resign 

  1. be going to yang tidak bisa diganti will

Temon has just borrowed the axe; he is going to chop some wood

What are you doing with  that spade? I am going to plant some apple trees

She has bought  some cloth; she is going to make herself a dress

He is studying very hard; he is going to try fro a scholarship

Why are you taking down all the pictures? I am going to  repaper/ decorate the room

I have given up  my house in Bekasi because I’m going to live permanently in Bojong

Some workmen arrived today with a steamroller. I think they are going to repair the road in front of my house

Why is Rhoma carrying his guitar? He is going to play it under Ani’s window

Di sini be going to tak bisa diganti will karena makna kalimat-kalimat tersebut ada unsur perencanaan/ disengaja.

  1. Perbandingan be going to dan will

Ani berkata: There arent any water in the dispenser, bisa merespon: Rhoma merespon: I’m going to get it  today (memang dia sudah rencana akan membelinya) atau I’ll get some today (Rhoma merespon spontan, oh iya ya, lupa, langsung inisiatif)  

Rhoma bertanya: Where is the guitar? Ani menjawab: I’ll get it for you (spontan, inisiatif, langsung berkeputusan). Namun jika Ani menjawab: I’m going to get it (dia memang akan mengambilnya, tahu Rhoma akan membutuhkannya, ditanya atau tidak)

 

  1. be going to digunakan untuk prediksi
  • Menyatakan kemungkinan besar terjadi dalam waktu dekat, meski keterangan waktu tidak disebutkan

Looks at those clouds! It’s going to rain

Listen to the wind. We’re going to have a rough crossing

Dengan verb be sure/ afraid, believe, think: How pale that girl is! I am afraid/ I believe/ I think she is  going to faint

  • Perbandingan be going to (prediksi) dengan will (kemungkinan)

will umumnya mengekspresikan  hink, believe, hope, assume, fear, etc  dari si penutur   

It will probably be cold/ I expect it will be cold

Tomatoes will be expensive this year/ I’m sure tomatoes will be expensive

It will take a long time to copy all the documents = its going to take a long time to copy  all the documents

Meski serupa tapi tak sama:

v   be going to  menunjukkan tanda-tanda  sesuatu akan terjadi

will menunjukkan opini/ pendapat si penutur tentang hal yang akan terjadi

v  be going to biasanya digunakan yang akan terjadi dalam waktu dekat

will  tidak merujuk ke momentum tertentu dan bisa kapanpun terjadi

The lift is going to break down (implies its making strange noises or behaving in a strange way. We had better get out on the next floor)

The lift will break down (implies that this will happen some time in the future. Perhaps because we always overload our lifts, perhaps its made in china and they dont last)

 

He is going to get better (there are signts of recovery, some progress, temperature  has gone down)

He will get better (confidence of the doctor based on the on going treatment, gradually, not an immediate recovery)

 

will digunakan untuk pengumuman formal. An official weather forecast: There will be rain. Fog will persist in these areas. Namun orang awam biasanya berkata: There is going to be rain. Fog is going to persist.