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Ini Dia 10 Keterampilan Komunikasi dan Bahasa ala Ivan Lanin

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  Memiliki anak lelaki yang duduk di bangku sekolah Kelas I SMU, membuat Pendiri Narabahasa Ivan Lanin perlu merumuskan 10 keterampilan komunikasi dan bahasa untuk generasi muda.  Generasi Z dan Y harus dapat menguasai serangkaian skill ini jika ingin berhasil mengakses sumber-sumber ilmu pengetahuan. Apa sajakah kesepuluh tips tersebut?

Contoh Kalimat Bentuk Future Tense

 

Practical English Grammar AJ Thompson & AV Martinet

Berikut kami sajikan contoh penggunaan kalimat bentuk Future Tense. Sebagian bahan kami sarikan dari buku Practical English Grammar (AJ Thompson & AV Martinet).Semoga bisa menambah pemahaman dalam menguasai pelajaran bahasa Inggris.  

 Future Tense

Kegunaan:

  1. Bentuknya simple present tapi untuk menyatakan future

The boys start school on Monday. meski lebih umum dipakai: The boys are starting school        

I leave tonight

·       Im leaving tonight : keputusan bulat, sedang I leave tonight: salahsatu rencana tapi tidak berarti dibuat oleh si subjek

·       “Simple present” terkesan lebih formal ketimbang “Simple Continuous”. A big store planning to open a new branch is more likely to say Our new branch opens next week than Our new branch is opening next week

·       “Simple persent” kadang digunakan kala “present continuous” terkesan tidak efisien, khususnya saat membicarakan rangkaian agenda aktivitas, seperti rencana perjalanan: We leave at six, arrive in Dublin at ten and take the plan on... kalimat ini lebih ringkas ketimbang:  We are leaving at six, arriving in Dublin at ten and taking  the plane on...

Untuk jadwal rutin bersubjek moda transportasi, harus menggunakan simple past: My train leaves at six, the Boat sails in the morning

 

  1. will + infinitive untuk menunjukkan niatan

     A: The phone is ringing.  B: I’ll answer it

Bian (to waiter): I will (would like to) have soto tangkar and orange juice, ple"ase

Ani: I’d better order a gojek for tonight. Rhoma: Dont bother. I’ll drive you.

Markum (looking at a page full of client’s emails. I’ll reply them tonight.

Parni (who is getting tired of driving to jakarta): I know what to do. I’ll take commuter line and keep my car near the station

Ali (on receiving  a call saying his father is ill): I’ll go home tonight/ I’ll leave tonight

·       “will” digunakan untuk hal aksidental/ yang tak direncanakan sebelumnya, seperti contoh di atas. Namun untuk aktivitas yang disebutkan kembali, gunakan “present continuous”:

 

Temon: What are you having/ going to have?

Badu: I’m having/ going to have soto tangkar and orange juice   

 

Ani: I’d better order a gojek for tonight.  Rhoma: Dont bother. I’ll drive you.

Ani membatin dengan riang: Rhoma is driving me/ going to drive me to the party tonight

 

Markum: I’ll reply them tonight. Markum berkata lagi: I’m going to reply these emails tonight

 

Parni: I know what to do. I’ll take commuter line and keep my car near the station. Parni berkata lagi: I’m  going to take commuter line.

 

Ali: I’ll go home tonight/ I’ll leave tonight. Again, Ali say: I’m going home tonight

 

  1. Present Continuous rasa Future

Keterangan waktu harus disebutkan untuk membedakan antara “present” dengan “future”.

·       Present continuous menunjukkan rencana dalam waktu dekat

I’m taking an exam in October = saya sudah daftar dan tunggu waktunya

Beib dan Bob are meeting tonight = keduanya sudah menyamakan jadwal

 

·    Dengan verbs of movement: go, come, drive, fly, travel, arrive, leave, start, verb of position: stay, remain, verb: do, have (foods& drinks)

What are you doing next  Saturday? I’m going to Ancol

The neighbour are coming  in to watch world cup final

I’m not doing anything. I’m syating at home. I’m writing (going to write) songs

 

·       Verbs of senses:  feel, hear, see, smell, notice, observe

Vebs of feeling and emotion  expressions: adore, appreciate (value), care (like), desire, detest, fear, hate, like, loathe, love, mind, value, want, wish

Verbs of mental activity: agree, appreciate (understand), believe, expect (think), feel (think), feel sure/ certain, forget, know, mean, perceive, realize, recall, recognize, recollect, remember, see (understand), see through someone (penetrate his attempt to deceive), think (have an oppinion), trust (believe/ have confidence in), understand

Verbs of posession: belong, owe, own, possess

Auxiliary (kata kerja bantu/ modal): kecuali be dan have di penggunaan tertentus

Verbs: appear (seem), concern, consist, hold (contain), keep (continue), matter, seem signify

untuk verbs disebutkan di atas, gunakan future tense dengan will/ shall:

I will/ shall know tonight

They will be here tomorrow

We’ll think it over

The dogs will/ shall have friskies for dinner

You will understand when you grow up

The tutorial will/ shall consist of steps to start online business

The baby will/ shall recognize her parents when she wakes up

Untuk to be digunakan dalam bentuk pasif:  He is being met at the station. Our new piano is being delivered this afternoon.

 

  1. lebih lanjut untuk will  + infinitive

Travel agent: Now,how do you want to go to Lombok, sir? By air or by train?

Traveler (making up his mind): The trains are too slow. I’ll fly.

Afterwards, talking about his plans for the journey, the traveler will say: I’m flying  to Lombok next week

 

Ani:  I’ll have to pay 750 K  rent at thw end of this month and I dont know where to find he money

Rhoma: Dont worry. I’ll give you 750 K

Later, before  Rhoma has actually give the money, Ani will say: Rhoma is giving me 750 K.

 

Rhoma: Would you like  to come to the dangdut concert tonight?

Ani: I’d love to. Shall I meet you there?

Rhoma: No, I’ll call for you. About seven?

Ani: O.K.

Later, Ami, telling a friend about this plan, will say: Rhoma is taking me to the dangdut concert tonight. He’s calling for me at seven.